Tips your gardener won’t tell you
Tips your gardener won’t tell you: I am going to share some tips on how you can care for your plants like a professional does and these tips are going to be applicable for both indoor and outdoor plants.
My first tip is,
regularly loosens the top soil of the plant. This will allow aeration for roots and improves water absorption. So, take anything sharp like a trowel or an old knife for loosening the top one or two inches of the soil. While doing this, if you think that you have hit the tiny roots of the plants it is alright. There is nothing to worry about, but Yes! If you are a beginner and you have hit the main root there is not a problem in that as well, let the plant heal for couple of days. Repeat this process every month and you can do it for almost all indoor and outdoor plants, vegetable and flowers.
My second suggestion is
regular trimming of plants. However, the trimming technique might vary depending on the kind of plant. If you have plants such as money plant or Phothos, Monstera or any other Philodendron. Cut the ends, this will make the plant invest in lateral growth. This will help the plant to stop investing in its vertical growth and instead inducing side growth. Basically, it helps in making your plant bushier and improving the rate of growth for plants such as Fiddle fig and Rubber plant. Plants that grow vertically with a solid stem and broad leaves, Cut them off. This will initiate side growth and especially if you have plants that have not shown any new growth recently. Then this tip will be super helpful for you.
Let’s talk about trimming.
Vegetables such as spinach or other leafy vegetables does not need any kind of trimming, but for edibles like tomatoes and cucumber trimming would be really helpful. To get, cucumbers early. We need to ensure that it grows vertically as much as possible and we also need to stop any kind of lateral growth. Whenever you see such lateral stems, growing out of the main stem. Just nip them. Make sure that the plant is investing all its energy just in the main stem and not in the lateral branches. The same thing applies for the tomatoes.
Remove all the yellow or matured leaves.
If there are couple of leaves that looks brown or yellow and rest all of them looks healthy, there is nothing to be worried about. Just clip them out. Regular removal of any matured, yellow and brown leaves, will helps your plant to invest energy only in the healthy stems. As there are no main stems in Areca palm. So, in this plant you can give it something like a good haircut. Remove all the old leaves even if they are not yellow or brown. So, that the plant can invest energy in bringing out new stems. Put all these dried leaves, that you have collected every month in your compost bin.
Some other tips your gardener won’t tell you
My next suggestion is adding fertilizers in your plants. You can produce your own khaadh or compost from your kitchen waste very easily. Add a little curd in it, then you will get a good homemade compost within a month or so. For this, you can use a Kamba which is a proper compost bin or even a matka with a couple of aeration holes. If you don’t have either of them. You can start with a simple bucket. As deeper the bucket, the better the compost will be. If you are growing plants in a garden, then you can add fertilizer, once in two months. But if you are growing them in pots, then you can apply fertilizer after 20-30 days. Reason behind this is, when you growing a plant in pot, there are limited amount of nutrients in it. Whenever you add water in it, those nutrients are leached out and finally lost along with water. So, you need to regularly add those nutrients in some form.
I have pro tip for anyone who has started gardening recently. You should know when and how watering your plants. It’s better to water your plants early in the morning. If you watering your plants in the evening, then the entire night they are going to be standing in water or wet soil. Because the loss of moisture or evaporation would be lesser in the evening or in the night. During the sun rise, the temperature increases. As a result, the stress on the plants due to loss of moisture is also increases. Over watering affect your plants adversely. Good test to know when to water your plants is that, you can touch the soil and see is it sticks to your finger or not. If it sticks to your finger, then do not add water in it, that means there is enough moisture for the roots.
Note: Most of the broad leaf plants such as the Rubber plant, Philodendrons and Monstera they lose water very quickly due to their broad leaf surface.