Stories! It makes me remind of my childhood when I use to listen it from my mother, even Many of us use to read the stories from the books or form the visual source.
Today in this blog I will tell you the short story of strawberries, how they came in India and how we can grow it at our home. I hope you would love it.
Strawberry is the one such fruit which make your mouth water eve just by a thought of it. Strawberries are not native to India. The origin of this fruit is America where the temperature remains low which ultimately means that it is a temperate fruit and loves the cold climate. Although the quality of fruit in India could not match the quality in the America but the high thing is India has successfully grown it here. Mahabaleshwar is the hub of strawberry plants for India. Maharashtra is the first state where the strawberry cultivation started. The plants trails went successful and ultimately spread all over the nation. Strawberries were considered as the rich men fruit before it came here, as it was out of the reach of a large population. Due to the local sowing of the strawberries the rates has also become economical which means it comes in the pocket of every class of family.
Strawberries need the cold climate for its good growth. So, the best time of sowing for the strawberries is first fortnight of October.
If you planning to grow Strawberry in your backyard, here is step by step guide:-
- Soil preparation: – Do the tillage of your soil twice or thrice with the help of spade so that the soil get loosens down. If the soil pan is hard then do flood irrigation in the soil and keep it for one day to make the soil loose and then do tillage.
- After tillage the next step is addition of cow dung manure. Use atleast 1-2 years old cow dung manure and mix it with your soil properly. Leave the soil for 2 days after addition of cow dung so that it can mix well with the soil.
- Once the cow dung is mixed with the soil now it’s time for the bed preparation. Make the beds which are 60 cm wide and length according to the size of your backyard. Bes should be clean which means free from weeds, clods or any kind of plastic.
- Sowing should be done on each side of the bed. You can procure plants from the nursery. Immediately after sowing do the irrigation of the plants. Sowing should be done in such a way that the crown part of the plant should not get covered with the soil. Crown is the part from where the new branches come out. Crown part should be kept uncovered.
- When the high time of winters arrive say nearly first fortnight of November that is one month after sowing, we need to do mulching of the plant. I recommend the plastic mulching. It will protect the weed growth in the soil and secondly will protect the plant roots from the frost. Mulching should be done carefully so that it does not harm the plant. Mulching will also reduce the water consumption in the soil.
- Nutrient Requirement: – Strawberries do not requirement much of nutrients for its growth. Use NPK 191919 @ 10 gram per liter of water at the time of sowing, at the time of flowering starts and finally when the fruiting starts.
- When the high time of December arrives which means a lots of frost and good level of low temperature, it could harm the plant. At this time, we need to do the low tunnel the beds. This is done with the help of iron wires and plastic sheets. Make the semi loops of iron wire and dig it in the soil and wrap it with the plastic sheet. It will make it look like the tunnel. It will protect the plant from the severe cold, frost and foggy weather. This technique will make the better quality of fruit.
- Fungicide: – The strawberries are most likely to get attacked by the fungal diseases, when you see the leaves turning purple it is the high time of spraying fungicide. Use copper oxychloride @ 3 g per liter of water for the removal of fungus. You can use it twice and thrice of the entire life span of strawberries.
This is all about the sowing of strawberries in soil. You can also grow it in your pots. Make sure that it should not touch the soil otherwise the fruit starts rotting by the attack of fungus. Plant at the edge of the pots. Water it twice a week.
Watering too much to the plant is invitation for the fungus in the soil. So avoid watering it too much, so check with the weather forecast before watering in the plant.