When you hear the term mushroom, what comes to your mind?
Some sensational culinary item.
Mushrooms are always an ideal option on the menu because they are luscious and beneficial for good health.
Did you know mushrooms are fungi and not a plant?
Infact, this is true.
Whenever we hear the word fungus, something filthy that spoils food and other things comes into our senses. Nevertheless, it is flase.
A snake is another name of poison, however, not every snake is poisonous. Likewise, mushrooms are fungus, not every fungus is parasite. Isn’t it interesting?
Mushroom belong to the ” Agaricus” family. People started cultivating mushrooms 200 years ago. Moreover, there are around 14000 varieties of mushrooms. Perhaps, only few variations of mushrooms are eatable. They came up in different sizes, colors, shapes and eclectic names.
Are you curious to know more about mushrooms? Let’s proceed further.
Benefits of Mushrooms:
- Mushrooms contain vitamins, antioxidants, protein, and minerals.
- According to the research, mushrooms are helpful in boosting mental health.
- Ingestion of mushrooms helps to regulate the blood cholesterol level and fight against diabetes.
- Mushrooms are highly beneficial in boosting our immune system.
Let’s talk a little about eatable mushrooms.
Let's talk a little about eatable mushrooms.
Button (White) Mushrooms: The button mushroom is the most common variety of mushrooms. This category of mushrooms is grown worldwide. It is available in small to medium sizes with a white round cap. This mushroom is beneficial in protecting heart diseases.
Cremini Mushrooms also known as “Italian brown” or ” baby Bella” mushrooms. These mushrooms are brown in color and similar in size and shape to button mushrooms. Avoid purchasing soft and dark cremini mushrooms. Before buying the mushroom, check whether the gills are hidden under the cap or not. If the gills are covered, it means the mushrooms are fresh.
Creminis are helpful in boosting our immune system.
The fascinating thing about this variety of mushrooms is that these are used as a flavoring agent in various dishes to reduce the consumption of salt. As we all know, less salt is beneficial for the heart.
Oyster Mushrooms: Oyster mushrooms are also known as “pearl oyster mushrooms” and “tree oyster mushrooms”. These mushrooms are beloved for their delicate texture and flavor.
There are 40 different types of oyster mushrooms. It has several health benefits as they are full of nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. While purchasing oyster mushrooms, go for dry mushrooms.
Propagation of mushrooms:
It is significant to place the mushroom at the perfect place for its better growth. Typically, place the mushrooms near the dark area or where you can easily control the temperature and humidity.
The first step for the propagation of mushrooms is to prepare the mixture. For this, we need to add 7gms of carbendazim with 125ml formaline in 100 ltr of water. Now, add 20kg of wheat straw to it.
Keep it for 18 hours. After that, take off the wheat straw and place it on the surface where the extra water can remove easily. Now, mix 2% of spawn in the wheat straw. Put all the mixture in the polythene bag. Place this bag in the growing room where the temperature is about 24-26 degrees Celsius and humidity is 80-85%.
Keeping the moisture of mushrooms by sprinkling water on them. White mycelium is thrive on the straw. It changes its colour to brown. At that point, remove the polythene bag from it.
Straws get thick in the poly bags and make a cylindrical form.
Organize these wheat straws on shelves or in a selected area. Don’t forget to moisture it by sprinkling water on it.
Maintenance of Mushroom:
Mushrooms do not require direct sunlight for growth. The environment they want is as dark as possible to spawn. Perhaps, some light cannot affect their growth. Wild mushrooms prefer to grow in the wooded and shady areas, where they obtain filtered light.
Water and humidity:
Mushrooms need moisture to fabricate their fruits. They lost the moisture easily, as they have no skin. That is why mushrooms require high humidity to keep away from water loss. While growing the mushrooms indoors, they require moist soil, not wet.
Mushrooms require a cool temperature. Indoor mushrooms prefer to be grown at a temperature of about 12degree Celsius and not more than 15 degrees Celsius.
Note: The basic formula for growing mushrooms is easy. Perhaps, Button Mushrooms are kind of difficult to grow commercially. Because the propagation of button mushroom is a little bit technical and needs a lot of training. Still, there is an intrigue to growing button mushrooms at home. I suggest you, train yourself at any agriculture training centre for better results.