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Let’s learn about Types and Styles of Garden.

Types and Styles of Garden

Types of Garden

Types and Styles of Garden – We can’t listen the chirping of birds in the traffic areas or somewhere else. But yes we can sense that in a Green Patch. I being a landscape Designer spend most of my time in the garden. Garden for me is another name of peace and harmony where mind gets free and soul gets sky. It attaches us with the Nature. This is the reason why people go in the garden and meditates themselves. Because nature is the best healer. Being in this profession I know how much patience is needed to plant a full garden. But the satisfaction level once it is made is something which I can’t express in words.

People generally gets confused between the types and styles of garden. After reading this blog you will master in identifying the styles and Types of Garden.

There are basically four forms of garden formal, informal, free and wild form of garden.

Formal Garden are those which are made in symmetry is followed and it is made in a particular geometrical shape for instance – square, rectangular, circular beds or any symmetric shape, the roads and paths of the formal garden are cut at the right angle, plant to plant distance is kept same everywhere, the similar plan is followed all over the garden which maintains the balance in the garden. The things are mirrored from the central axis of the garden which means the same pattern on the both sides of the central axis are followed. The main features of the formal gardens are Fountain, topiary, sculpture. Mughal, Persian, Italian, French and American gardens follows the Formal trend of Gardens.


Formal Types of garden
Informal Types of garden

Informal Garden: – Informal gardens are those in which the symmetry is not followed. A particular shape or an angle is not given to the garden, the path might be curvy or follow any random angle according to design. The balance is not seen in these kinds of gardens which means the things are not mirrored from the central axis that is it is not necessary to plant the same tree at both sides of the path. The main feature is untrimmed hedge and topiary. The example of such a garden is Japanese garden.




Free Style Garden: – These gardens are the combination of formal and informal style of garden. Which means somewhere symmetry is followed or somewhere not, it does not make any mirror image from the central axis. The example of such a garden is English Garden.

Wild types of garden



Wild Garden: – Wild gardens are those in which we don’t give a shape to the plant and let them grow in whatever shape they want to grow.

These are some styles of Gardens and now we will talk about some important types of Garden.

Mughal Garden: – This garden was introduced by Babur; it is one of the most famous types of garden of Indian and it is the replica of ancient of Persian Garden.

The main features of the Mughal garden are chabutra, high protecting wall, terraces: they use to make 7, 8 and 12 terraces 7 terraces are the symbol of planets influence, 8 terraces are the symbol of paradise and 12 terraces symbolises the zodiac influence, Baradari which means 12 doorways and lastly terminal building.


Mughal Types of garden

The shape of such a garden is square, circular or rectangular.

The main features of the Mughal Garden are the Running Water which symbolises the life of Mughal garden, Nahar symbolises the source of life, cypress symbolises the immortality, White Kachnar symbolises youth and life.

Examples of Mughal Garden: – Pinjore Garden (Haryana), Tajmahal (Agra), Roshnara Garden (New Delhi), Shalimar Garden (Srinagar), Vrindavan Garden.


Japanese Garden: – This is the form of informal garden; it is also known as nature in miniature. Elements of Japanese Garden are Mountain, island, river, lakes, stream or bridges.

Types of Japanese garden – hill garden, Tea garden and Sand Garden

The basic element of the hill Garden is hill, stream and pond

Tea garden is devoid of the elements such as hill stream and pond

The feature of Sand garden is that it is devoid of Plants.

Example of Japanese Garden is Buddha Jyanti Garden, New Delhi.


English Garden: – It is example of free style garden they are also known as cottage garden, main feature of these gardens is lawn and herbaceous border and rockery (the plants growing from the cervices of rocks).

I wanted to convey a message to all whether you have a garden at home or not but yes do spend an hour from your whole day in it which would definitely Boosts you to do better the coming day.