How to Grow Microgreens
In this blog we will learn how to grow microgreens from seed to harvesting.
Microgreens are the sprouts of the common vegetables, spices and herbs which are approximately 3-4 inches taller in size. Microgreens normally get ready for harvesting within 9 to 14 days.
Microgreens can be easily grown almost everywhere, anytime of the year without much effort. If you don’t have a garden, you can even grow microgreens. Microgreens can be grown in direct sunlight or in garden, or even indoors with a small exposure of light.
Selection of pot
Choose any pot/container that is at least 3-5 inch deep. Make sure to make some drainage holes at the bottom. Regular seed trays or fast trays that are 4-5 inches deep will also solve the purpose.
For the soil makes we will use garden soil and vermicompost in equal proportion. You can also readymade vegetable mix to start your seeds. Cover big holes with small stones for effective drainage. Fill the pot with the soil mix and in the process press the soil with your hand to remove any air gaps. Flatten and level the soil surface with your hands. Moisten the soil mix thoroughly. If you want to eat healthy but you have no time and space in your garden. Then microgreens are best option for you.
Plants which are used to grow microgreens
Cauliflower, Broccoli, Cabbage, Watercress, Radish, Arugula, Dill, Carrot, Fennel, Celery, Amaranth, Swiss chard, Beet, Spinach, Lettuce, Endive, Turnip, Chickpea, Basil, Rosemary, Sage, Fenugreek, Sunflower and Mustard.
Seed Sowing for used to grow microgreens
Scatter seeds evenly on top of the soil. For absorption of water and encourages germination and growth, you have to press the seed into the soil that helps them to establish good soil contact. Separate out any overlapped seeds as they need soil contact for germination. Evenly distributed the seeds over the surface of the soil. If you want to harvest as many as possible from each tray, you have to spread a greater number of seeds than you would.
Soaking of seeds
Soaking the large seeds before one-night speed up the process of germination. Pre-soak larger seeds (e.g. chickpea, peas, beetroot and sunflower) in water for 12-15 hours. Tag your seeds to avoid any sort of confusion.
How to Grow Microgreens
Location for grow microgreens:
Microgreens need at least 3-4 hours of direct or partial sunlight per day. A bright south facing windowsill or a balcony will be a good spot for your plants.
You will see little sprouting of seeds after 2 days. Using a spray bottle, mist the seeds and the soil frequently. To prevent from dislodging and redistribute the seeds, don’t water the soil with a small watering can. Until they germinate, keep the seeds moist, but not wet. Spraying should be done in once or twice a day, when they have sprouted. These white web-like structures are the roots of the plants.. Leggy pale green plants are the signs of not enough sunlight. Grow lights are also a good source of light for fulfilling the need of light.
During seed germination, the cotyledons emerge from the soil first. Water regularly every day as needed. Microgreen’s are typically ready to harvest anywhere from 9 to 20 days after they have been planted. Microgreens should be 2-4 inches tall, when they are sprouted first set of true leaves. If you want to get a taller shoot, you have to wait for sometimes. Some seeds will take more time, in our case chickpea and fenugreek requires 2-4 days more.
For harvested the greens just above the soil surface, you have to use scissor.
Serve the microgreens
When you are ready to serve the plates, just before its best to do this. To serve, wash them with water. Serve them immediately for the fresh flavor. Add to soups, salads or sandwiches.
They can be easily stored in a plastic bag in your refrigerator. They are ready to harvest when they have developed a set of true leaves with a few inches tall. Many varieties such as chickpea, wheat grass and pea will regrow and produce several harvests. To grow another crop, remove the roots from the pot and add handful of compost into the soil and sprinkle seeds again.
Note: Super easy microgreens ones are mustard, radish, cabbage, turnip, spinach and fenugreek.