Gardening tips for Beginners
Gardening tips for beginners: I know there are a lot of new gardeners in our community. So, I want to put this blog for you guys and you might be a seasoned gardener. But you might learn something new. Even I learnt something new every day. So, I’m always reading and learning and researching but here are 10 tips for beginners.
- Planting Site- Make sure to select an area where it receives at least 6 hours or more of sunlight. Vegetables, fruits and herbs do best in full sun and are less susceptible to diseases and pests. Remember plants use the sunlight for energy. So, the more sun they receive the more productive they will be. Also, part of the energy that the plants get from the sun is used to secrete exudates or plant exudates. Which is how when we sweat. So, these exudates are released through the roots and it goes into the rhizosphere. Which is the area between the roots and the soil. These exudates actually attract microbes such as bacteria and fungi. That will feed off these exudates and in return these microbes will provide food for the plant. So it’s a symbiotic relationship.
Make sure that it is located where you will see it on a daily basis. So that the way you are more likely to tend to it and work in your garden every morning. So, you can look around to determine the things and planned out what I can plant or so next with in the season.
Water and Tools
Make sure that water source, equipment and garden tools are easily accessible. so that way you can tend to your garden you can also consider installing an irrigation system. We don’t have a storage shed out here yet so you usually store our tools and equipment inside the greenhouse for now and also around the corner where they are shelter and they are accessible and near the garden.
Start with good soil you want the right bloom with the correct ratio of sand. Clay an organic matter having these qualities in the soil will promote good drainage, aeration and porosity as well as water in nutrient retention. Remember the microbes such as fungi and bacteria as well as macro organisms such as earthworms, brown beetles and other insects will help to decompose the organic matter in the soil making the nutrients accessible to plants.
Mulch will helps to prevent weeds from growing and also retains moisture, protects from microbes in the soil. Over time it will break down and feed the soil and our plants. When mulching fruit trees and shrubs just make sure to keep your wood chips or whatever mulch you are using away from the main stem or trunk which can harbor diseases or pests. Other materials you can use to mulch a garden are some dry grass clippings, dry leaves, hay or straw. We primarily use wood chips because we get it free.
Plant Varieties- Grow plants that do well in your climate. We grow a lot of leafy greens such as lettuce, spinach and many more. Perennials such as strawberries and blueberries.
- Especially if they do not grow in your region that we do not waste money and time. Remember always to check with your local nursery look for local seed shops online or stores that most likely will offer seeds or plants that grow well in your climate. Plants grow that are native to your region or that have adapted and grow well in your region.
This will help to choose plants that perform well in your climate. According to scientists, plants are divided according to their level of hardness and sensitivity. The more hardiness of the plant, the more capable to tolerate adverse climatic conditions and vice versa.
Container gardening- Even if you do not have a yard you can grow in containers. Make sure that when you are selecting containers that it is big enough to support plant growth .12-gallon pot have got to pepper plants growing in them and also interplanted some lettuce in there and some garlic cloves for the greens. 3-gallon pot when an 8-inch diameter will support dwarf tomato plant which only grows to about 6-8 inches tall. When you are growing in containers it’s a good idea to know the mature size of your plant, that way you can select a pot that big enough to accommodate their growth and production.
Gardening tips for Beginners
Knowing your average frost dates. This will help you plan out your garden and also determine when to plant out certain plants such as warm modern plants like tomatoes, peppers, eggplants. Those will need to be planted a few weeks after your last average frost date. If they are planted early in the season they might be killed by late frost or the growth might be stunted. If you planted too late you might not give that plant enough time to mature and you might not get a harvest from the plant.
- Water and Feed the soil- Feed the soil regularly this will support growth and maximize your production and also will prevent plants from getting stressed. Now if you are growing in pots. Make sure to feed the soil every 2-3 weeks. Because when you water, the nutrients can see bounce and for in ground plants about once a month. Also, when you are watering try to avoid wetting the leaves which can helps to prevent plant diseases.
Note- As a beginner gardener, it’s always easier to grow something that do well in your climate and you will always branch later.