Plants for your Water Pond
Plants for your water pond: There is wide of range of plant material which can be planted in the water pond and around pond where marshy or bog type conditions exist. Most common types are described here.
Lotus for your water pond–
Nelumbo nucifera (Nelumbonaceae). It is commonly found in sub-tropical and tropical part of world. It is national flower of India and highly sacred to Indians due to its association with Lord Vishu.
Because it affected by frost and hence, So they flowers during raining season. Iotus prefers heavy and highly fertilized soil. It is easily propagated through seeds after scarification and by bulbs. N. lutea produces rose like yellow flowers.
Nymphaea (Nymphaecae. These are propagated through separation of off shot in spring and planting in muddy soil rich in humus in spring. Broadly, there are two types for instance N. pubscens which bloom in cold month whereas N. stellate which is deciduous and bulbs remain dormant in dry ponds for months together without any harm. Nymphaea odorata produces white flowers.
The another plant which adds on the beauty to our pond. Very attractive in nature some people get confused with the magnificent water lily and lotus. It has very large leaves measuring approximately 1.5 m in diameter so the size of water pond should be sufficiently large and deep (1.20 m). it produces large cream coloured flowers with the base of red colour which are highly scented. Scarification that is we need to rub the seeds to make the easy germination of the seeds, as the seeds are very hard in nature.
Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae):
It’s a pretty plant. It has glossy green and heart shaped leaves pointing upward. In other words pontederia is a pretty herb with purple colour spikes on the head which makes the crow o the plant and these flowers comes in the summer and reainy season. So propagation of this plant can be done by cutting the creeping rhizome with knife.
Caltha palustris (Ranunculacae)
it is commonly called marsh marigold and perennial in nature. Propagation of the caltha palustris is very easy we can cut and propagate it from roots. Caltha palustris ‘ Flore Pleno’ is a double form of the marsh marigold forming splendid yellow colour clusters.
Eichchornia grassipes (Pontederiaceae)
Eichchornia is native of south America. It is perennial floating plalnt with thick floating stem. So it is produce light violet flower having yellow marking on upper petals.
it is perennial rhizomatous plant with density tufted branches. Cyperus papyrus: it is commonly called as Egyptian paper rush. They make the rays like structure which have ome 100-200 threads. But it needs high humidity. It is easily propagated through division of rhizomes.
There is one problem with the water plants or pond plants that is the algae formation in it. So no doubt these plants look very pretty but yes, we need to remove the algae from it. But first of all lets discuss about what the algae actually is? Algae is a single celled plants which have neither true leaves nor true roots, they are green in colour and makes the pond ugly in appearance. Because it comes from the surroundings. Spores of algae are present all over our surroundings, however they find a favourable place that is moisture rich place, they start spreading. Therefore we cannot completely remove the algae from our pond but yes there are some methods by which we can reduce the algae from the ponds.
Now we know that algae need carbon dioxide, nutrients and sun light for its growth.
- First of all, we need to rise the oxygen level of the pond somehow, Because it will reduce the formation of the algae. You can grow the underwater plants which keeps the water clean.
- Intensity of light should be reduced in the pond. It will help to reduce the algae in the pond. So pond should not be sun facing. You can also grow azolla or duckweed in the pond which will not let the direct sunlight to reach the water.
- Nutrition is very important for the growth of the water plants. But it also allows the growth of algae. So, make sure you are not adding the unnecessary nutrients in the pond which will ultimately makes the pond dirty.
Above all 3 points can help you to maintain your pond.